Diamond Jenness (1886–1969) was a pioneer of Canadian anthropology. Best known for his seminal contributions to Inuit ethnology and archaeology, Jenness’ tenure with the anthropological branch of the National Museum of Canada before World War II also resulted in ground-breaking studies of first peoples elsewhere in the country, including his three northern Athapaskan ethnographies. Succeeding Edward Sapir as chief of the branch in 1925, a position he retained into the late 1930s, Jenness sought to expand the National Museum's anthropological researches, collections, and reputation, and in the public sphere, championed recognition, understanding, and improved living conditions for Canada's indigenous populations.

About Diamond Jenness